Coordinated by: 
Peace Region Forage Seed Association
Sandra Burton

With Cooperating Research Sites in:
British Columbia        Alberta            Manitoba

With Cooperating Research Sites in:
British Columbia        Alberta            Manitoba
 
Introduction

This report provides a summary of the grass seed trials conducted under the Western Grass Seed Testing Program during 2007. The main objective of these trials is to determine the seed production potential and adaptability of grass varieties for contract seed production for the domestic and export market. All attempts have been made to ensure the success of these trials; however, at times environmental conditions may adversely affect the yield results regardless of the management practices followed.

We thank the following companies and agencies for their seed entries and sponsorship of our 2008 research endeavours:
Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Barenbrug USA
Brett Young
DLF International/Trifolium
Snow Brand Seeds
Turf Care

The following groups are also thanked for their cooperation with the program and research site management:
Alberta Research Council
Alberta Agriculture & Rural Development
Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Manitoba Forage Seed Association
Peace Region Forage Seed Association


 WGST Co-operating Research Sites and Contacts

Fort St. John, BC
& Baldonnel, BC    Sandra Burton, PRFSA Coordinator
Peace Region Forage Seed Association
Box 6135, Fort St. John, BC V1J 4H6
Phone 877 630 2198 or (250) 789 6885
Fax (250) 789 6884
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
    Vicki Moser, PRFSA Summer Student
c/o Peace Region Forage Seed Association
Box 6135, Fort St. John, BC V1J 4H6
Phone 877 630 2198 or (250) 789 6885
Fax (250) 789 6884
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Beaverlodge, AB    Sandra Burton (interim contact)
Peace Region Forage Seed Association
Box 6135, Fort St. John, BC V1J 4H6
Phone 877 630 2198 or (250) 789 6885
Fax (250) 789 6884
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    Owen Lee, Forage Technician
Agriculture & AgriFood Canada
Box 29, Beaverlodge, AB. T0M 0C0
Phone (780) 354-5140
Fax (780) 354-8171
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Vegreville, AB    Jay Woosaree, Researcher
Alberta Research Council
Hwy. 16A, 75 Street
Vegreville, Alberta
Phone: (780) 632-8209
Fax: (780) 632-8612
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.     Marshall McKenzie, Technician
Alberta Research Council
Hwy. 16A, 75 Street
Vegreville, Alberta
Phone: (780) 632-8254
Fax: (780) 632-8612
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Arborg, MB    Heather McBey, MFSA Administrator
Manitoba Forage Seed Association
Box 2000
Arborg, MB. R0C 0A0
Phone (204) 376-3309
Fax (204) 376-3311
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
    Laura Wolonshyn, MFSA Researcher
Manitoba Forage Seed Association
Box 2000
Arborg, MB. R0C 0A0
Phone (204) 376-3314
Fax (204) 376-3311
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Date Collection Procedures
Seed Yield        reported on a clean seed basis in kg per ha (kg per ha x  0.9 = lbs per ac)
Harvest Date        date the variety was swathed or cut
Plant Height        measured in centimeters and is the height of the plant at harvest from ground level to the tip of the seed head (cm x 2.54 = inches)

Trial Procedures
For information on specific trial procedures, contact the respective location representative listed on this page.

* Please Note * Statistical Analysis Procedures *
Some varieties in this report have been tested for shorter periods of time than others. It is advised not to use average yield figures to make variety comparisons for single year data. Only after a minimum of 3 years of testing, should data be considered as 90% reliable. In some cases, data may not be reported due to extreme variations that cannot be accounted for in the statistical design.

Statistical information for this report was generated through an Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Least significant difference (LSD) values are presented at the bottom of each table, when statistically significant differences are present at the 5% level of significance. This means there is a 95% probability that you can reject the hypothesis that the treatments are the same; in other words there is only a 5% probability that the treatment differences occurred by chance. If the difference in treatment values is less than the LSD value, the treatments are not considered to be significantly different.

Disclaimer
Reference to commercial products or trade names is made with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement is implied.
  Protocol for Western Grass Seed Testing (WGST) Program

Revised January 2008


1.    Research Sponsorship

The research sponsorship of $120 CAN/entry/year/location is requested on an annual basis, as years of production will vary with the species being tested, and applies to the establishment year as well.  Peace Region Forage Seed Association will coordinate and administer funds for the Western Grass Seed Testing Program.

2.    Eligibility of Entries

Released and experimental lines of all tame and native grass species will be considered if they are of interest to commercial seed companies. We reserve the right not to initiate tests:    
    - if seed arrives late
    - if there is lack of space in any year at a particular location
    - if there are too few entries in any year for a particular location

3.    Seed Requirements and Deadline for Seed Entry

The applicant will provide for EACH TEST LOCATION:

    - 50 gm of bentgrass, Kentucky bluegrass or timothy
- 100 gm of orchardgrass; creeping red, chewings, hard, meadow, sheep or tall fescue; annual or perennial ryegrass
    - 200 gm of meadow or smooth bromegrass, wheatgrasses

Submitted seed shall be supplied by March 1 of the establishment year and will include the percent germination and relative maturity (early, medium or late) of each variety.  Please indicate whether the submission is a forage or turf type.  For fescues please indicate whether the submission is a creeping, chewings, hard, meadow, sheep or tall fescue.  

4.    Use of Seed

Seed submitted will only be used to establish the agreed upon trials. The seed will NOT be used for increase, selection or distribution.

 5.    Test Locations

1.    Fort St. John, British Columbia        
2.    Beaverlodge, Alberta        
3.    Vegreville, Alberta
4.    Arborg, Manitoba


The applicant selects the locations where their material is to be tested.


6.    Test Description

Due to plot equipment differences and land availability at the various test sites, certain conditions must be met in establishing trials. Each test will be a randomized complete block consisting of a minimum of 4 replicates. No test will have more than 25 entries of a particular species. Plots will be seeded at appropriate seeding rates for the species being tested and normal cultural practices for the area will be carried out. A minimum of 3 sq. m will be harvested.

Species, check varieties and years of testing (establishment year and seed production years):

Bentgrasses - 18th Green - 4 yrs.        Tall fescue - Courtenay - 4 yrs
Kentucky bluegrass - Abbey - 4 yrs        Orchardgrass - Kay - 3 yrs
Meadow bromegrass - Fleet - 3 yrs        Annual ryegrass - Aubade - 1 yr
Smooth bromegrass - Carlton - 4 yrs        Perennial ryegrass - Norlea - 2 yr
Meadow fescue - Mimer - 4 yrs        Timothy - Climax - 4 yrs
Red fescue - Boreal - 3 yrs                            

Information to be recorded will include clean seed yield, % stand in fall and spring, plant height, harvest date and if available, climatic data for each test site.

7.    Publication of Results

Data will undergo appropriate statistical analyses and each applicant will be provided with an annual report. Information on varieties will be made available in various annual reports and to seed producers upon request.

8.    All reasonable care will be taken to ensure a successful test; however, a guarantee cannot be made that a particular test will be successful. If required a test will be reseeded.

9.    For further information, contact:

Sandra Burton, Coordinator
Peace Region Forage Seed Association
Box 6135
Fort St. John, British Columbia
Canada V1J 4H6
    Telephone: 1 877 630 2198 or (250) 789 6885
Fax: (250) 789-6884
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 
Kentucky Bluegrass Trials Established in 2007
Arborg, Manitoba: 2008 Seed Production Results
                
        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg/ha)    Date    (cm)
Barenbrug USA    BAR PP 0468    191    30-Jul    73
    BAR VV 8536    579    30-Jul    75
Check    Abbey    504    30-Jul    74
                
    Mean    425        74
    CV (%)    8.2        26.6
    LSD (0.05)    255.9        13.8
              

Summary of Seed Yield (kg per ha) for Kentucky Bluegrass
in Western Canada WGST 2007-2008
                    
            Seed yield / production year
Year of            Arborg
Seeding    Company    Variety    1    2    3
2007    Barenbrug USA    BAR PP 0468    191        
        BAR VV 8536    579        
     Check    Abbey    504        
                    

Fine Fescue Trials Established in 2006
Beaverlodge, Alberta 2008 Seed Production Results
                
        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg /ha)    Date    (cm)
Barenbrug USA    01-FR-1    733    21-Jul    63
    Barena III    459    21-Jul    70
    Barthema    325    21-Jul    74
    Barustic    527    21-Jul    66
Turf Care    TL 10709    502    21-Jul    63
Check    Boreal    778    21-Jul    78
                
    Mean    554        69
    CV (%)    11.0        8.6
    LSD (0.05)    91.6        9.0
                
Fine Fescue Trials Established in 2007
Fort St. John, British Columbia 2008 Seed Production Results
                
        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg /ha)    Date    (cm)
Barenbrug USA    Hardtop    470    17-Jul    62
Check    Boreal    762    23-Jul    78
                
    Mean    616        70
    CV (%)    9.7        6.8
    LSD (0.05)    134        11
                
Fine Fescue Trials Established in 2007
Beaverlodge, Alberta 2008 Seed Production Results
                
        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg /ha)    Date    (cm)
Barenbrug USA    Hardtop    349    16-Jul    71
Brett Young    IS FRR 23    769    21-Jul    73
    IS FRR 29    798    21-Jul    72
Check    Boreal    931    21-Jul    81
                
    Mean    712        74
    CV (%)    15.1        6.3
    LSD (0.05)    172        7.4
 
Summary of Seed Yield (kg per ha) for Fine Fescues
in Western Canada WGST 2006-2008
                            
                Seed yield / production year
Year of                Beaverlodge    Fort St. John
seeding    Species    Company    Variety    1    2    1    2
2006    Creeping red    Barenbrug USA    01-FR-1    856    733        
            Barena III    439    459        
            Barthema    451    325        
            Barustic    742    527        
        Turf Care    TL10709    945    502        
          Check    Boreal    978    778        
2007    Hard fescue    Barenbrug USA    Hardtop    349         470    
    Creeping red    Brett Young    IS FRR 23    769            
            IS FRR 29    798            
          Check    Boreal    931          762    
                           
Tall Fescue Trials Established in 2007
Beaverlodge, Alberta 2008 Seed Production Results
                
        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg/ha)    Date    (cm)
Barenbrug USA    BARFA 1005    1305    28-Jul    64
    BAR 3FABRT9    780    28-Jul    89
    Bariane    713    28-Jul    93
    Barcarella    903    22-Jul    95
Check    Courtenay    982    22-Jul    104
                
    Mean    937        89
    CV (%)    10.0        6.3
    LSD (0.05)    144        8.6
               

Summary of Seed Yield (kg per ha) for Tall Fescues
in Western Canada WGST 2007-2008
                                    
                Seed yield / production year
                                     
Year of                Beaverlodge    Fort St. John
seeding    Company    Variety    Type    1    2    3    1    2    3
2007    Barenbrug USA    BARFA 1005    Forage    1305                    
        BAR 3FABRT9    Forage    780                    
        Bariane    Forage    713                    
        Barcarella    Forage    903                    
     Check    Courtenay    Forage    982                    
                               
 
Orchard Grass Trials Established in 2007
Arborg, Manitoba:  2008 Seed Production Results
                
        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg/ha)    Date    (cm)
Barenbrug USA    Baridana    320    25-Jul    130
    Intensiv    373    25-Jul    131
Check    Kay    368    25-Jul    130
                
    Mean    353        130.5
    CV (%)    22.8        1.3
    LSD (0.05)    139        4


Orchard Grass Trials Established in 2007
Beaverlodge, Alberta:  2008 Seed Production Results
                
        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg/ha)    Date    (cm)
Barenbrug USA    Baridana    346    23-Jul    97
    Intensiv    351    23-Jul    113
Check    Kay    346    23-Jul    105
                
    Mean    348        105
    CV (%)    19.1        4.6
    LSD (0.05)    115        8


Summary of Seed Yield (kg per ha) for Orchard Grass
in Western Canada WGST 2007-2008
                                    
                Seed yield / production year
                                     
Year of                Arborg    Beaverlodge
seeding    Company    Variety    Type    1    2    3    1    2    3
2007    Barenbrug USA    Baridana    Forage    320            346        
        Intensiv    Forage    373            351        
     Check    Kay    Forage    368            346        
                                

 
Perennial Ryegrass Trials Established in 2007
Arborg, Manitoba:  2008 Seed Production Results
                
        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg/ha)    Date    (cm)
Barenbrug USA    Remington    584    Aug 21    91
Check    Norlea    396    Aug 29    84
                
    Mean    490        88
    CV (%)    20.6        5.4
    LSD (0.05)    354        17

Perennial Ryegrass Trials Established in 2007
Vegreville, Alberta:  2008 Seed Production Results
                

        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg/ha)    Date    (cm)
Barenbrug USA    Remington    NA    NA    NA
Check    Norlea    NA    NA    NA
                
    Mean            
    CV (%)            
    LSD (0.05)            
               

Summary of Seed Yield (kg per ha) for Perennial Ryegrass
in Western Canada WGST 2007-2008
                
            Seed yield / production year
Year of            Arborg
Seeding    Company    Variety    1        
2007    Barenbrug USA    Remington    584        
     Check    Norlea    396        
                    

Timothy Trials Established in 2005
Arborg, Manitoba 2008 Seed Production Results
                
        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg /ha)    Date    (cm)
DLF International    DP 70-4731    109    21-Aug    97
    DP 70-4752    165    21-Aug    100
    Niklas    106    21-Aug    100
    Promesse    179    21-Aug    106
    Tundra    111    21-Aug    103
    Viking    108    21-Aug    98
    Winnetou    129    21-Aug    105
Check    Climax    74    21-Aug    105
                
    Mean    123        102
    CV (%)    33.9        8.7
    LSD (0.05)    61        13

Timothy Trials Established in 2005
Beaverlodge, Alberta 2008 Seed Production Results
                
        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg / ha)    Date    (cm)
AAFC Beaverlodge    BRFLAL1    359    07-Aug    94
DLF International    Viking    370    07-Aug    86
Check    Climax    445    07-Aug    99
                
    Mean    391        94
    CV (%)    10.9        6.8
    LSD (0.05)    74        11
                
Note: Viking poor germination in first year        
                
Timothy Trials Established in 2005
Baldonnel, British Columbia 2008 Seed Production Results
                
        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg / ha)    Date    (cm)
AAFC Beaverlodge    BRFLAL1    481    07-Aug    91
Check    Climax    293    07-Aug    84
                
    Mean    387        89
    CV (%)    4.9        7.6
    LSD (0.05)    42        15
 
Timothy Trials Established in 2006
Beaverlodge, Alberta 2008 Seed Production Results
                
        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg / ha)    Date    (cm)
Brett Young    BY 19004    145    07-Aug    81
    BY 98665    257    07-Aug    90
    BY 98667    213    07-Aug    81
    BY 99966    341    07-Aug    77
    BY 99984    236    07-Aug    94
    CT70-9704    123    07-Aug    76
    FLP 07    57    07-Aug    83
    INDH 9803    276    07-Aug    90
Check    Climax    220    07-Aug    97
                
    Mean    208        85
    CV (%)    30.0        14.0
    LSD (0.05)    90        17

 

Timothy Trials Established in 2007
Arborg, Manitoba:  2008 Seed Production Results
                
        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg/ha)    Date    (cm)
Barenbrug USA    Bor 9911    439    14-Aug    102
    Bor 2005    568    14-Aug    102
Check    Climax    516    14-Aug    103
                
    Mean    508        102
    CV (%)    16.2        3.4
    LSD (0.05)    143        6


Timothy Trials Established in 2007
Fort St. John, British Columbia 2008 Seed Production Results
                
        Seed        Plant
        Yield    Harvest    Height
Company    Variety    (kg /ha)    Date    (cm)
Barenbrug USA    Bor 9911    291    05-Aug    75
    Bor 2005    220    06-Aug    72
Brett Young    BY 19004    170    05-Aug    74
    BY 98665    285    06-Aug    75
    BY 98667    214    06-Aug    71
    BY 99966    328    06-Aug    76
    BY 99984    228    05-Aug    79
    CT 70-9704    132    06-Aug    67
    FLP07    103    06-Aug    73
    INPH 9803    351    05-Aug     81
Check    Climax    283    06-Aug     74
                
    Mean    237        74
    CV (%)    21.7        7.2
    LSD (0.05)    74        8